A Mediterranean diet based on vegetables, fruits, whole grains, ﬁsh, olive oil, beans, and fermented dairy is a delicious blueprint for good health. However, lifestyle elements in addition to diet can also make a diﬀerence. In a study of 92 (mostly male) ﬁreﬁghter recruits in New England, those who most closely follow a Mediterranean lifestyle (as deﬁned by eating a Mediterranean diet, adequate sleep, lower screen time, lower BMI, exercising, and not smoking) were signiﬁcantly less likely to have high blood pressure, and were signiﬁcantly more likely to have better aerobic capacity (a measure of the ability to provide oxygen to muscles).
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2020 Jul;62(7): 466–471. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001868 (Lan FY et al.)