This pyramid, the second in the series of traditional diet pyramids, was developed by Oldways in conjunction with the Cornell-China-Oxford Project on Nutrition, Health and Environment, and the Harvard School of Public Health. It was released at the International Conference on the Diets of Asia in San Francisco in 1995.
The Asian Diet Pyramid illustrates the Traditional Asian Diet. Like the Mediterranean Diet Pyramid, this pyramid was developed as a model for healthy eating because of the historical low incidence of chronic diseases in a speciﬁc region – in this case, in Asian countries. The traditional diet in many Asian countries also is often closely tied to both religious practices and long-standing customs, and the record of these eating habits is an excellent source of information and culinary inspiration.
The Asian Diet’s geographical base is very broad. It includes (but is not limited to) Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesian, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, North Korea, South Korea, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam. Although each Asian country and region has its distinct ﬂavors and cooking styles, almost all share one food in common—rice, which is prepared and eaten somewhat diﬀerently from country to country. But as the staple food central to survival, especially during times of famine, rice has acquired an almost sacred status in Asian societies, and it is served in many ways. It is a signiﬁcant part of each meal of the day; incorporated as a main ingredient in confections such as candy and cakes; fermented to make wine (Japanese sake) or beer; and traditionally oﬀered to the gods to ensure a good harvest.
Other unifying characteristics of the traditional Asian diet are high consumption of plant foods, including vegetables, fruits, beans, legumes, nuts, and vegetable oil. Some regional variations of commonly eaten foods include dairy (in India) in the form of paneer, ghee, and lassi (see a list of typical foods in the Asian Diet by clicking here), and ﬁsh and seafood in the island nations or countries that have extensive coastlines.