Heart disease is the primary cause of death in the United States. The risk factors for heart disease include high BP, elevated cholesterol, diabetes, tobacco use, lack of exercise, and obesity. Through a review of the literature, scientists at the University of Tennessee evaluated possible links between cardiovascular disease and vegetarian diets. Research indicates an inverse relationship between fruits, vegetables, and ﬁber consumption and the risk of heart disease. Diets low in saturated fat are also associated with decreased risk of heart disease. Vegetarian diets follow these rules and vegetarians tend to have fewer chronic diseases such as heart disease, obesity, and diabetes. The authors conclude that a well-planned vegetarian diet with adequate supplementation may be eﬀective for primary prevention of heart disease.
Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners. March 2010; 22:134-139. ([Stitcher MA et al.]