In a large study, researchers from the Global Burden of Diseases Nutrition and Chronic Diseases Expert Group analyzed the fat consumption and coronary heart disease statistics of 186 nations across the world. They found that 10.3% of coronary heart disease deaths were attributable to not eating enough n-6 polyunsaturated fats (found in soy, walnuts, sunflower seeds, and some plant oils), while 7.7% were due to eating too much trans fat (found in margarine and highly processed foods), and 3.6% were due to eating too much saturated fat (found in red meat and butter). In 80% of nations studied, deaths from heart disease due to inadequate n-6 polyunsaturated fats was at least double the heart disease deaths due to too much saturated fat. This suggests that positive messages focused on adding in healthy foods (such as cooking vegetables in plant oils, and sprinkling nuts and seeds on meals) can have an important impact on public health.
Journal of the American Heart Association. 2016 Jan 20;5(1). Pii: e002891. (Wang Q et al.)